Settlements and settlement trade have long been topics of discussion within Palestinian and international dialogue and the negative impacts of settlement trade on the Palestinian economy have been well documented. However; there has been limited research to date on the amount of virtual water that is illegally taken by Israeli settlers, or–in direct contravention of international law – West Bank water that is allocated by the State of Israel to the settlements for the production of export products and produce. Israeli settlements are illegal under international law, a fact that is emphasised by the international community on every possible occasion. Nonetheless, produce is steadily going from the settlements to Israel to then be sold under preferable conditions as Israeli products. An example hereof is the EU, Israel’s biggest trading partner, who Israel made €30,610,000 from in 2013 alone for the sale of vegetables and edible roots from the settlements to the 27 EU countries

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