The book provides a narrative, statistical and cartographic description of the current environmental status in the OPT and shows the trends of the major environmental indicators over the period from 1997 till 2007. It also includes a list of recommendations to monitor and control further environmental degradation, and to carry out restoration actions in environmental hot spots. The book is divided into three main parts: Part One “Land, Demography and Economic Sectors”; Part Two “Environmental Challenges”; and Part Three “National and International Aspects”.