The paper comes as part of the "Potentials for Sustainable and Equitable Development of Irrigated Agriculture in the West Bank" proposal supported by the International Development Research Center (IDRC)-Canada. It mentions the objectives of this project, and the methodology used for the study. It discusses water resources in Palestine, by covering the topics of hydro-politics, topography, climate, geology and hydrology. The paper also talks about the availability of water resources, surface water, Jordan River, flood water flow, groundwater, Palestinian ground wells, springs, groundwater flow pattern, and groundwater quality. In addition, the paper presents the status of irrigated agriculture in the West Bank, and how this affected fruit trees including citrus, bananas, and date palm trees. It then compares this to the Israeli irrigated agriculture in the West Bank, and moves on to discuss land use, socio-economics of irrigated agriculture, the size of farm holdings, and land tenure patterns. Highlighted in the paper is characteristics and information about farmers, including their ages, educational level, labor, decision-making, housing, sources of income. Furthermore, it discusses the governmental and non-governmental contribution in the agricultural sector.