The paper presents the geopolitical situation in the Gaza Strip by giving a historical overview about the area and the different agreements that took place. It then explains the Israeli colonization policies, land fragmentation and restrictions of movement. In addition, it offers a land cover analysis of the Gaza Strip and a comparative land use between it and the West Bank.It also covers the topics of house demolitions, closure and checkpoints, and the segregation wall in the Gaza Strip. All these topics are supported by factual data, and maps.

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