The paper at hand briefly touches the geopolitical status that formed the structure of the current Palestinian land transportation system and discusses the Palestinian transportation planning dilemmas, both presently and in the future, that must be addressed by Palestinian physical planners, as a prerequisite for sound control and management of land use and natural resources' utilization.

The paper discusses the unilateral Israeli plans and actions that have been developed in relation to the land transportation system in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT; the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip) during the last 40 years. It also discusses the legitimacy of these plans and actions by the virtue of the International Humanitarian Law and the United Nations' Resolutions. Also, the paper presents International plans and studies dedicated to the creation of a more sustainable land-use policy for a future Palestinian State.

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