The main markets in the West Bank play a vital role as an intermediary between the farmers and the traders. Most of the crops sold in the main markets in the West Bank are brought either locally from the West Bank or from Israel. Although most of the vegetables are available in the West Bank and achieve self- sufficiency, there is still a shortage in the production of fruit and field crops which are brought from the Israeli market.
Food is essential for human survival and access to food is considered as a basic human right. Food access is an important development issue, which has gained attention at a global level and is addressed by the first Millennium Developments’ Goals (MDG) eradicate extreme poverty and hunger .’ The MDG expressed that food provision as an essential component for development and further defined its goal to ‘halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger .’