This study serves as a summary for the methodology, research findings, and primary recommendations which have emerged from the PRIPODE project. Rather than a reproduction of the final report, it is a distillation of the main aspects of the research findings. The first part (a profile of the targeted area) briefly introduces to the reader the socio-economic and demographic context which has informed the course of the study. In the second part, an analysis on the environmental and social challenges facing the Bethlehem, Beit Jala, and Beit Sahour Municipalities is offered. In the third section, citizens’ perceptions of these challenges and the municipal responses to them are presented. In the fourth section, a series of recommendations which are meant to be the foundation of alternative policies and tools for sustainable development at the local level are explained.