The paper offers a geopolitical background of Palestine, emphasizing the status of Palestinian built-up areas lying in Area C after March 2000 withdrawal from Gaza Strip. It then presents the colonization policy of Israel, and the areas that have been affected most by it. It highlights the population growth in the last few years and points out the effects of illegal outposts, bypass roads, closed military areas, military bases, uprooting of trees and deforestation.

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