The paper gives a background about the geopolitical status of Palestine, then moves on to present a profile of Battir village, describing the segregation wall in that area. It discusses the environmental settings of Battir that are mainly affected by the segregation plan, including: the physical conditions of land use and water resources, the socio-economical conditions of education, health, agriculture and archeological sites, in addition to biodiversity conditions. Furthermore, the paper discusses the legal framework of the segregation plan, in terms of nature protection, and relevant Palestinian laws and regulations. The paper also presents the segregation zone potential environmental impacts.

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